The head of the U.S. Border Patrol announced new rules Friday to limit agents from shooting at moving vehicles or people throwing rocks or other objects at agents, reversing a controversial policy that has led to at least 19 deaths. Border Patrol Chief Michael J. Fisher ordered customs and border agents not to step directly in front of a moving vehicle, or use their body to block it, in order to open fire on the driver. He also barred shooting at vehicles whose occupants are fleeing from agents.
Mexico’s telecommunications regulator said Thursday that it completed its investigation to determine which companies are dominant in their respective markets, and will unveil the results once the companies have been notified.
Mexico has stepped up its effort to crack down on one of the most powerful and feared criminal organizations in the country, with arrests and seizures this week aimed not at drug trafficking or extortion but at the gang’s lucrative infiltration of mining and smuggling iron ore to China. The gang, the Knights Templar, has become a violent menace in western Mexico, giving rise to vigilant groups that formed to stop its reign of extortion, kidnapping and murder. That, in turn, forced the government to send the federal police and the military to try to take back a region it conceded had fallen out of state control.
U.S. President Barack Obama should cut deportations of migrants and focus resources on the 2 million people in the U.S. who are eligible to become citizens, Los Angeles Mayor Eric Garcetti said Wednesday during a visit to Mexico’s capital. Garcetti, on his first foreign trip since taking office in July, said he supports Obama on immigration reform but said families and communities have been divided by the president’s policy of deportations, which have totaled nearly 2 million since Obama took office.
Immigration Reform: Obama Proposes Bed Mandate Reduction, Keeps Program That Deputizes Local And State Law EnforcementMarch 5, 2014
President Barack Obama ultimately wants comprehensive immigration reform, but until there’s congressional action, he will not stop detaining and deporting those who are illegally in the country. Focusing on the quality of enforcement actions, the administration proposes a$38.2 billion budget request for the Department of Homeland Security. Within that is a $2.6 billion allocation for the Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) to use to identify, detain and remove undocumented immigrants from the country.
Some $131.6 million is to go towards the apprehension of immigrant fugitives in the country who are considered public safety risks. Another $322.4 million will be used to remove those who are in federal, state and local prisons. But the policy proposal that continues to anger some advocacy groups is the $24 million funding to retain ICE’s 287(g) program, which deputizes local and state law enforcement officials to take part in the immigration process.
The impounding of 337 mostly foreign-owned sailboats and yachts at 11 marinas around Mexico on Nov. 26 has affected not only hundreds of American and Canadian boat owners but also marinas, crews, dry docks and, more broadly, Mexico’s reputation as a safe and reliable destination for boat lovers. Nearly half the vessels have subsequently been freed. But at least 190 remain impounded, tied up in red tape and confusion in raids that initially seemed aimed at rooting out tax cheats and boat thieves.
La detención de “El Chapo” es de enorme importancia pero su trascendencia dependerá de lo que se haga a partir de ahora. Todavía es prematuro aventurar conclusiones, pero sí es posible elucubrar sobre sus potenciales implicaciones.
La propaganda en torno al Chapo me ha hecho recordar la caracterización que de Adolph Eichmann hizo Hannah Arendt cuando cubrió su juicio en Jerusalém. Aunque es evidente que el holocausto nada tiene que ver -en dimensiones, escala, trascendencia, horror o maldad- con el narco, la fotografía del personaje de Sinaloa permite observar que se trata de un mero eslabón de una larga cadena donde el individuo, aislado de su mafia, no es más que un simple “funcionario” mas. Por eso, por más que sea meritoria su captura, el problema que asedia a la población –extorsión y secuestro- no cambia con la detención de un capo sino exige atención a todo el sistema que lo hace posible. La gran pregunta es si esta detención envalentonará al gobierno para enfrentar el verdadero desafío.