Mexico: Recent deportations ‘a violation’ of US immigration rules

4/20/2017 The Hill

Immigration_and_Customs_Enforcement_SWATMexican authorities on Thursday accused U.S. officials of violating their own rules in the cases of a so-called “Dreamer” and a mother of four who were recently deported to Mexico.

“In the frame of respect to U.S. law, the Chancellery highlights that the cases of Mrs. [Maribel] Trujillo and Mr. [Juan Manuel] Montes Bojorquez represent a violation to the express rules of deportation in that country,” read a statement released by the Secretariat of Foreign Relations, also known as the Chancellery.

“Neither of the compatriots represented a risk to the security of North American society and neither of them has a criminal background,” the statement continued.

Montes gained notice as the first recipient of the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program to be deported. Montes was arrested near the Mexican border by Customs and Border Protection (CBP) agents in February and deported to Mexico despite his claim of protected status.

DACA recipients, or Dreamers, are protected from deportation unless they commit a crime or leave the country without prior authorization from United States Citizenship and Immigration Services.

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Deportation of ‘Dreamer’ to Mexico appears to be first under Trump

4/18/2017 The Guardian

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Flickr/Epi Ren

Federal agents have deported a “Dreamer” to Mexico, possibly the first such documented case under Donald Trump’s immigration policies.

Juan Manuel Montes, 23, was supposedly protected under the the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (Daca) programme but agents detained and swiftly expelled him in February, it emerged on Tuesday.

Montes had lived in the US since the age of nine and obtained de facto amnesty from an Obama-era policy that Trump has kept intact, citing his “big heart”.

But US Customs and Border Protection (CBP) officers approached him on the street in Calexico, on California’s border with Mexico, and deported him three hours later without giving him a chance to fetch his active Daca permit.

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Mexico’s Asylum Application Numbers Are Up by 150% Since the U.S. Election

4/19/2017 TIME

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Flickr/Peter Haden

The number of asylum applications received by Mexico has spiked by 150% in the months after the 2016 U.S. presidential election, while detentions at the southwestern U.S.-Mexico border fell slightly during the same period.

Between November and March, Mexico’s refugee agency COMAR received 5,421 applications for asylum in total, 150% more than it did in the same period in 2015-16, Reuters reports, while noting that asylum applications had already been on the rise even before the election. Around 4% fewer detentions were reportedly made along the U.S. border in the southwest over the same time span.

Most of the asylum seekers were from the violence-ravaged Central American countries of El Salvador, Honduras and Guatemala, according to Reuters — but fewer of them are making the northbound journey into the U.S.

Just less than 15,000 Central Americans were detained by Mexican border agents in the first two months this year compared to the same period in 2016, reports the Guardian. Analysts suggest it’s still too soon to determine if the Trump Administration’s tough stance on immigration is the determining factor.

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Patrolling the Border on Four Legs

4/18/2017 New York Times

Border - MexicoLA GRULLA, Tex. — Manuel Torresmutt, a Border Patrol agent, pulls his white and green Chevy Tahoe to the side of a deserted gravel road, framed on one side by railroad tracks and on the other by thick green brush.

The South Texas sun streams brightly as Mr. Torresmutt, a stocky, 24-year veteran of the United States Border Patrol, steps from his truck to meet with his three-man team. A radio dispatcher says “four bodies” have been spotted on the “Mike” side, referring to the code name for the bank of the Rio Grande in Mexico.

A few minutes later, Mr. Torresmutt and other members of the Border Patrol’s Rio Grande Valley Sector Horse Unit are on their way, rocks and dust flying as their mustangs rush into the bush in search of those crossing the border illegally.

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Border Wall Could Leave Some Americans on ‘Mexican Side’

4/16/2017 New York Times

Mexican-American_border_at_NogalesBROWNSVILLE, Texas — The last time U.S. officials built a barrier along the border with Mexico, they left an opening at the small road leading south to Pamela Taylor’s home on the banks of the Rio Grande.

Taylor hadn’t been told where the fence would be built, and she doesn’t know now whether officials are coming back to complete it.

“How would we get out?” asked Taylor, 88, sitting in the living room of the home she built with her husband half a century ago. “Do they realize that they’re penalizing people that live along this river on the American side?”

Taylor’s experience illustrates some of the effects that the border wall President Donald Trump has imagined could have on residents in the Rio Grande Valley, the sunny expanse of bilingual towns and farmland that form the southernmost point of the U.S.-Mexico border. The wall could seal some Americans on the “Mexican side” — technically on U.S. soil, but outside of a barrier built north of the river separating the two countries. Landowners could lose property, and those that already lost some for the existing fence are already preparing for a new battle.

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Mexican Deportees, Once Ignored Back Home, Now Find ‘Open Arms’

4/15/2017 New York Times

border-circa-1990-usa-mexico-borderMEXICO CITY — Mexico’s president dashed to the airport to greet a planeload of deportees. The education minister rushed to the Texas border to meet Mexicans being kicked out of the United States. Mexico City’s labor secretary is urging companies to hire migrants who abruptly find themselves sent back home.

“Unlike what’s happening in the United States, this is your home,” the labor secretary, Amalia García, told deportees in the audience at a recent event for the city’s jobs programs.

For years, as the Obama administration sent back thousands of Mexicans each week — more than two million altogether — Mexico’s establishment barely reacted. All but invisible, the deportees were left to cope on their own with divided families, uncertain job prospects and the poverty that had pushed so many north in the first place.\

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On the road in Mexico, Central American migrants face an uncertain future

4/13/2017 PBS News Hour

Train Tracks by HeraldicosThousands of Central Americans cross into Mexico every day, dreaming of more peaceful and prosperous lives. For many, this is the first moment of a long, dangerous journey north. While more and more migrants are choosing to stay in Mexico, others still hope to make it to the United States. Special correspondent Nick Schifrin reports on the difficult and sometimes dangerous conditions.

JUDY WOODRUFF: But, next, we head back to Mexico.

On Tuesday, we reported from Mexico’s northern border with the U.S. Tonight, we travel to Mexico’s southern border.

Guatemala, Honduras, and El Salvador are the world’s deadliest countries outside war zones. Many Central Americans flee violence and poverty, and hope to reach the U.S. Mexican authorities are now trying to block their movement, but critics are asking, at what cost?

Special correspondent Nick Schifrin begins his report tonight in Ciudad Hidalgo on Mexico’s southern tip, on the river that separates Mexico from Guatemala.

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