The U.S., Mexico And The Decline Of The Colorado River

colorado riverForbes, 5/14/2013

An amendment to a standing water treaty between the United States and Mexico has received publicity over the past six months as an example of progress in water sharing agreements. But the amendment, called Minute 319, is simply a glimpse into ongoing mismanagement of the Colorado River on the U.S. side of the border. Over-allocation of the river’s waters 90 years ago combined with increasing populations and economic growth in the river basin have created circumstances in which conservation efforts — no matter how organized — could be too little to overcome the projected water deficit that the Colorado River Basin will face in the next 20 years.

In 1922, the seven U.S. states in the Colorado River Basin established a compact to distribute the resources of the river. A border between the Upper and Lower basins was defined at Lees Ferry, Ariz. The Upper Basin (Wyoming, Colorado, Utah and New Mexico) was allocated 9.25 billion cubic meters a year, and the Lower Basin (Arizona, California and Nevada) was allotted 10.45 billion cubic meters. Mexico was allowed an unspecified amount, which in 1944 was defined as 1.85 billion cubic meters a year. The Upper and Lower basins — managed as separate organizations under the supervision of the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation — divided their allocated water among the states in their jurisdictions. Numerous disputes arose, especially in the Lower Basin, regarding proper division of the water resources. But the use of (and disputes over) the Colorado River began long before these treaties.

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Colombia, Mexico to Sign Extradition Treaty

InSight Crime, 7/22/11

Colombia and Mexico have negotiated an extradition agreement that will allow nationals of each country to be send to stand trial in the other country.

The previous treaty only allowed for the extradition of foreigners between the countries.

The two presidents will sign the treaty when Colombia’s leader Juan Manuel Santos visits Mexico in August

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Mexico and the U.S. look into oil agreement (in Spanish)

America Economia, 4/22/2009

oil-rigsThe U.S. and Mexico are considering a new area of focus for bilateral cooperation, this time on energy, after having established an official working agenda developing a treaty that would allow joint exploration of transborder deposits located in the Gulf of Mexico.

Mexican Undersecretary of Hydrocarbons from the Secretariat of Energy, Mario Gabriel Budebo, explained that the agreement would divide the petroleum that is found in deposits that are located on both sides of the border. These discussions are taking place because there are only a few months before the moratorium of ten years on the exploration of deep-water reserves that are divided between Mexico and the U.S. officially ends.

The end of the moratorium opens the possibility that oil companies that operate in U.S. territory could begin exploring border deposits in the Gulf without any restrictions as soon as January 2010.

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