Seeking to improve understanding, communication, and cooperation between Mexico and the United States by promoting original research, encouraging public discussion, and proposing policy options for enhancing the bilateral relationship.
Mexico’s President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador received a pledge of loyalty from top military chiefs on Wednesday, three weeks after a report of a critical speech from an army general raised fears of dissent among the upper echelons of the country’s armed forces.
The military’s public show of support for Lopez Obrador comes amid heightened concern from Latin America’s left about the role that pressure from the armed forces played in the resignation of Bolivian President Evo Morales ten days ago.
An intense gunfight with heavy weapons and burning vehicles blocking roads paralyzed the capital of Mexico’s Sinaloa state Thursday after security forces located one of Joaquín “El Chapo” Guzmán’s sons who is wanted in the U.S. on drug trafficking charges.
Mexican security secretary Alfonso Durazo said 30 members of the National Guard and army were patrolling in Culiacan when they were fired on from a house. They repelled the attack and inside the house found Ovidio Guzmán López.
Less than a year after the high-profile case of the disappeared Ayotzinapa students, military officials are again suspected of invo in the disappearance of seven day laborers in the state of Zacatecas, investigative journal Proceso reported Friday. The relatives of the five men and two women (including one minor) who were disappeared since July 7, filed a lawsuit to various institutions, including the Attorney General’s office, against the military officials from Battalion 97.
They claimed the officials committed the crime after they raided the house where the workers were spending the night and took them away. One of disappeared belonged to the battalion before quitting more than a year ago. The soldiers, allegedly under the orders of Colonel Martín Pérez Reséndiz, were looking for weapons and drugs in the house when they raided it at dawn.
The soldiers, allegedly under the orders of Colonel Martín Pérez Reséndiz, were looking for weapons and drugs in the house when they raided it at dawn. Addressed to the various civil and military authorities of the state, a banner hung on two bridges of the town read: “All we want is an explanation, we want to know were are our relatives or at least their bodies … We will hold the battalion in Fresnillo, Zacatecas, under the command of Colonel Martín Pérez Reséndiz for responsible until we remain without information about our relatives.”
El Pentágono aumentará la ayuda que presta a México en la sangrienta lucha contra el narcotráfico, mediante el establecimiento de un nuevo cuartel de operaciones especiales en Estados Unidos, en el cual podrán entrenarse los efectivos mexicanos para enfrentar a los cárteles de la droga de la misma forma en que las fuerzas estadounidenses combaten a Al-Qaeda, dijeron funcionarios en Washington.
The military’s participation in the fight against organized crime in Mexico during the last 6 years mobilized an average of 59 thousand soldiers on a permanent basis and required increased production of ammunition, arms, and explosives in order to maintain military superiority and train personnel.
To view the iconographic from REFORMA, click here.
Despite uncertainty south of the Rio Grande in the aftermath of the killing of one of Mexico’s most brutal warlords, recent successes against organized crime suggest military intervention remains the best option there, according to the former deputy director of Immigrations and Customs Enforcement….Eric Olson, a senior associate at the Mexico Institute of the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars in Washington, D.C., said Peña Nieto has acknowledged that there is no “magic wand” solution, but that the president-elect continues to search for alternatives.
“He has said all along that, in the short run, the military will continue to play a role but they seemed to be engaged in an search for an alternative,” he said. “One of the alternatives that they have floated is the creation of this militarized civilian force, this police militia force that would combine military [personnel] into a civilian police force.”
Mexico arrested two people Wednesday over the fatal shooting of U.S. Border Patrol Agent Nicholas Ivie earlier in the week, a Mexican military official confirmed to CBS News.
The arrests were made in an operation involving Mexican military personnel in the Agua Prieta municipality, also along the U.S. border, just east of where the shooting occurred. No further details were given.
Trans-Border Institute Justice in Mexico Project, 7/30/12
On Monday, July 30, the Justice in Mexico Project at the Trans-Border Institute released a new report titled Armed with Impunity: Curbing Military Human Rights Abuses in Mexico, which was authored by Catherine Daly, Kimberly Heinle, and David A. Shirk. The report provides documentation and analysis of the pattern of human rights complaints that have been formally registered against the military since Mexican President Felipe Calderón took office in December 2006 and through mid-2012.
The massive deployment of the Mexican military has increased civilian exposure and vulnerability to military personnel. In this context, there has been a surge of formal complaints (quejas) of military abuses submitted to National Human Rights Commission (CNDH), the ombudsman that generates formal reports or “recommendations” (recomendaciones) for the government agency against which a complaint has been levied. A growing number of complaints against the Mexican army (SEDENA) were recorded since the deployment of troops after Calderón took office: 367 in 2007; 1,230 in 2008; 1,800 in 2009; 1,415 in 2010; 1,626 in 2011. As for the current year, SEDENA reported that there were 479 reports as of May 3, 2012.
Since December 2006, when Felipe Calderon assumed the office of the President, Mexico has embarked upon the implementation of a culture of law and security that has triggered a war with organized crime involving all sectors of society. This implementation has activated a series of renovations in its armed forces, which remain the most trusted institutions in Mexican society. This Letort Paper contributes to an understanding of the structure, culture, motivators, and the challenges that the Mexican military faces in the 21st century.
Given Mexico’s importance to the United States as a neighbor, an ally, and as its third largest trading partner, understanding the transformation that the Mexican armed forces are undergoing to foster a culture of law should be of prime concern to all actors—government, private sector, and academia—involved in the decisionmaking process.