Capitalinos celebrate 200 years of Mexico’s independence


Source: Mexico News Daily

Fireworks, theater, the pope and U.S. President Joe Biden all formed parts of celebration of 200 years of independence in Mexico City Monday.

The capital’s central square was taken over for the ceremonies, the same location where the rebel army had marched two centuries earlier before declaring independence the following day. In fact, the best known date for Mexico’s liberation from Spain is September 15, day of “El Grito,” which marks the beginning of the struggle 11 years earlier, but the ceremony to mark the 200th anniversary was larger in scale this year.


In Mexico City, another Grito minus a crowd in the zócalo


Source: Mexico News Daily

Celebrations of “El Grito,” a symbol of the struggle for independence, will be heavily toned down on Wednesday in Mexico City due to COVID-19 restrictions despite this year being the two-century anniversary of the beginning of liberation from Spanish rule. The event was also heavily diluted in 2020 due to health considerations.

Traditionally, a large crowd congregates outside the National Palace and calls back to the president as he calls the names of the heroes of the independence movement, culminating in three cries of “Viva México!” or “Long live Mexico.”


In Pictures: Subdued celebrations for Mexico’s Independence Day


Source: Al Jazeera

Mexicans celebrated their Independence Day without big public ceremonies for the first time in 153 years on Tuesday due to restrictions on public gatherings caused by the coronavirus pandemic.

Each year, the president rings the bell that marked the call to arms during the 1810-1821 struggle to win independence from Spain, and reenacts the Cry of Dolores, shouting “Viva Mexico!”


Empty plazas, idle mariachis: For Mexico, a somber Independence Day


Source: The Washington Post

MEXICO CITY — In 1847, it was a U.S. invasion that kept the crowds away from the Zócalo, the grand plaza where each year the president performs the Cry of Dolores to celebrate the country’s independence.

This week, it’s the coronavirus that has quieted what’s ordinarily the most raucous celebration on the Mexican calendar. With the country devastated by covid-19, citizens were asked to stay home on the anniversary of the uprising that led to the overthrow of Spanish rule. Police surrounded the national palace Tuesday night; the vast plaza, normally filled with people, was covered instead with a giant neon map of the country in green, white and red.


Calderón gives ‘El Grito’ to celebrate the 201st anniversary of Independence (In Spanish)

CNN México, 9/16/11

El presidente de México, Felipe Calderón, dio el Grito para celebrar el 201 aniversario de la Independencia en el Zócalo de la Ciudad de México.

En punto de las 23:00 horas (local), el jefe del Ejecutivo apareció en el balcón central de Palacio Nacional y tocó la campaña cuatro veces previo al grito.

Acompañado de su esposa Margarita Zavala, el presidente Calderón, quien fue recibido por parte de los asistentes a la Plaza de la Constitución, gritó los tradicionales “vivas” a los héroes nacionales.

“¡Mexicanos: vivan los héroes que nos dieron Patria. Viva Hidalgo; viva Morelos; viva Josefa Ortiz de Domínguez; viva Allende; viva Aldama y Matamoros!”, vitoreó.

Al final del grito del 201 aniversario de la Independencia de México, el mandatario celebró: “¡Viva la Independencia Nacional!”, ¡Viva México, viva México, viva México!”

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Mexico Independence Day: Gunmen Force Mayor To Cancel ‘El Grito’

The Huffington Post, 9/16/11


Authorities in a small town in western Mexico canceled Thursday night’s “El Grito” festivities ushering in Independence Day after 40 gunmen arrived at the main square threatening to attack civilians.

Michoacan state police beefed up security in the town of Querendaro because of the threat, said the state police chief, Armando Soto la Marina.

Mayor Filiberto Romero suspended the traditional event in which he was to cry “Viva Mexico!” from the balcony of the town hall, drawing the same shout in unison from hundreds of people gathered below.

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‘El Grito’ and festivities altered by crime (In Spanish)

Reforma, 9/15/11

El crimen organizado y la violencia pusieron en alerta los festejos patrios de esta noche por el Grito de Independencia y los desfiles cívicos de mañana.

Autoridades locales y federales reforzaron la seguridad en plazas públicas con el despliegue de policías, militares y agentes infiltrados, así como con la instalación de arcos detectores de metales y patrullajes terrestres y aéreos.

Además, en algunas ciudades se suspenderán actos públicos. En el Zócalo del DF, más de 4 mil 500 elementos del Estado Mayor Presidencial (EMP), el Ejército y la Policía Federal (PF) resguardarán hoy la ceremonia.

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Spain returns 2 independence war flags to Mexico

Associated Press, 6/21/2010

Spain has returned to Mexico two 19th century flags carried by Mexican independence war heroes.

Mexican President Felipe Calderon presented the flags in a military ceremony Monday and said they were the first patriotic symbols the country had.

One of the flags has the Virgin of Guadalupe, Mexico’s patron saint and the symbol used by Miguel Hidalgo, a priest who launched the 1810 revolt against Spanish rule. The other shows Saint Gabriel.

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