Intimate Portraits of Mexico’s Third-Gender Muxes

09/27/2021

Source: The New York Times

Estrella has long, wavy, jet-back hair. She tries to tame it with a thick-toothed comb in the backyard of her house, among the chickens, hammocks and looms. All around her, relatives come and go.

It is November 2015, and Estrella is preparing for the annual festival called La Vela de las Auténticas Intrépidas Buscadoras del Peligro, or the Festival of the Authentic and Intrepid Danger-Seekers. There, alongside a community of fellow muxes — people who are born male but who adopt roles and identities associated with women — she will vie to be crowned the queen of the ceremony.

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Mexico strikes automatic child custody for divorced moms

Mexican Supreme Court

11/22/19 – AP News

Mexico’s high court has struck down a clause in the capital’s family code automatically granting custody of young children to mothers in divorce cases.

The Supreme Court found Thursday that the rule governing custody of kids under 12 years old is unconstitutional for making a distinction on gender.

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Mexican capital declares gender violence alert

Sheinbaum

11/21/19 – AP News

Mexico City’s mayor has issued a gender violence alert for the capital, activating a series of measures to address violence against women.

Thursday’s declaration means 20 of the country’s 31 federal entities have declared emergencies over the issue.

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Mexico City debates allowing children legal gender change

boy and girl cutout decals
Photo by Magda Ehlers on Pexels.com

11/19/19 – AP News

A couple of hundred demonstrators have protested against a proposed Mexico City law that would allow children and adolescents to change the gender listed on their birth certificates.

They would have to be accompanied by at least one guardian to do so.

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Demonstrators demand halt to killings of women in Mexico

femicides

11/03/19 – AP News

By Peter Orsi

Relatives of women and girls murdered or missing in Mexico marched through the capital Sunday carrying over 100 purple crosses inscribed with the names of victims, demanding justice for their loved ones and improved efforts to investigate their cases.

Bearing T-shirts and signs with photos of the victims, they walked behind banners and chanted the victims’ names as they headed for the sprawling main square, the Zocalo, to set up an offering near a massive altar erected to mark Dia de Muertos, or Day of the Dead.

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Mexico acknowledges failure on gender violence, unveils plan

3/7/2019 – Associated Press

cap 2By Maria Verza

Authorities acknowledged Wednesday that Mexico has failed to do enough to protect women and girls, and President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador’s government presented a plan to combat gender violence.

It includes efforts to identify and fix holes in active murder investigations; to strengthen cooperation between prosecutors, health services and other authorities; to standardize femicide, or killings of women that are directly gender-related, as a crime nationwide; and to search for women as soon as they are reported missing.

Currently, disappearances are often not investigated immediately, and experts say that means critical hours or days are wasted. Femicide is not typified as a crime in 13 states, and women’s advocacy groups have regularly called for that to be remedied.

Nadine Gasman, president of the National Women’s Institute, said during a news conference with Lopez Obrador that the goal is to attend to women “with sensitivity and quality.” She called violence against women “a government problem.”

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Mexico City Bans Use of Models at City Events

08/16/18 New York Times

Photo: Tatiana Manosalva

They’ve long been an unmissable part of public events in Mexico, from soccer matches to trade fairs: attractive women hired to be greeters or simply as eye candy, sometimes scantily clad in short skirts and high heels or crop-tops and hot pants emblazoned with corporate logos.

Now Mexico City has prohibited the use of models known in local parlance as “edecanes” at events sponsored by the local government, breaking new ground for a country where deeply entrenched gender stereotypes often continue to relegate women to supporting roles in the workforce.

“This job should not exist,” the capital’s mayor, Jose Ramon Amieva, said in announcing the ban last week. “It goes against policies of gender equality.”

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Mexican state known for gender-based violence issues emergency alert

07/30/15 The Guardian

HONDURAS-WOMEN-DISCRIMINATION-MARCHEmergency measures to tackle violence against women are to be implemented in parts of Mexico’s most densely populated state, where thousands of women and girls have been murdered and disappeared in the past decade.

A gender alert has been issued in 11 municipalities in the state of Mexico, known in Spanish as Edomex, after authorities finally conceded that systematic violence against women and girls exists in parts of the state.

Human rights groups and families of victims have been demanding a gender alert since 2010 amid growing evidence that Edomex had become the most dangerous place to be female in the country.

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Transgender immigration detainees may be housed by gender

06/30/15 Associated Press

prison cell blockSANTA ANA, Calif. (AP) — Immigration authorities will consider housing transgender detainees based on the gender they identify with in the wake of criticism about detention conditions for the population, officials said on Monday.Detention staff should consider transgender detainees’ preferences when making decisions about housing and clothing and what pronouns should be used, Immigration and Customs Enforcement said in new guidelines for the treatment of transgender detainees.

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Expert’s Take: Mexico seeks to empower women in politics

By Amy Glover, Director, McLarty Associates

Expert TakeIn addition to the well-touted economic reforms passed recently, this year Mexico approved a political reform package that, among other things, includes new measures aimed to ensure the greater participation of women in politics.  The law now requires gender parity, which means that at least fifty percent of the candidates fielded by a political party in either federal or state legislative elections must be female.  This begs the question as to whether there are enough women in the ranks to step up to the plate.  Probably not, at this point, but the onus is now on the political parties to both encourage greater female participation and to invest in training women to either seek elected office or to serve as part of their party’s proportional representation in Congress (in Mexico’s Chamber of Deputies, 300 congresspersons are popularly elected, and 200 are assigned by their parties based on the percentage of the vote received in the election).

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