Historic Droughts Drive Up Prices in Mexico and Brazil


Source: Foreign Policy

When Mexico’s central bank hiked its interest rates last week, it cited the ongoing drought as a major inflation risk. Meanwhile, Brazil’s inflation has risen to over 8 percent annually amid drought-induced food and electricity price increases.

Inflation is just one hardship that droughts are currently causing in the two countries and their neighbors: Lack of rain is also driving crop loss, migration, and more severe forest fires.


Mexico’s Drought Is So Severe It Helped Banxico Turn Hawkish


Source: Bloomberg

Mexico’s central bank raised an unusual red flag when it upended markets with a surprise interest rate hike last week: drought may pressure farm prices, it warned.

It was the only new item the central bank, known as Banxico, listed among inflation risks the day it lifted borrowing costs for the first time since 2018. The worst drought in decades, according to NASA, may have persuaded policy makers to turn hawkish, central banker Gerardo Esquivel said in a subsequent interview.


‘Dying of thirst’: The Cucapá in Mexico fight against climate change and oblivion


Source: NBC News

MEXICALI, Mexico — Lucía Laguna carries her fate tattooed on her face — from the corner of her mouth to her chin, black lines surf across her coppery skin — the tribal art honoring her people will also serve an important function later on.

“After my death, it will be guide me to my ancestors. With the tattoo, they will recognize me and can take me where they are,” she said, as she talks on the banks of the Colorado River.

But under the merciless sun, Laguna, 51, worries about the fate of the river and its impact on the Cucapá, her Indigenous people. A searing drought is exacerbating the deadly heat in a region that long ago saw its river flow diminished, after almost a century of U.S. engineering projects, as well as a focus on water for agriculture.


Widespread Drought in Mexico


Source: NASA Earth Observatory

Mexico is experiencing one its most widespread and intense droughts in decades. Nearly 85 percent of the country is facing drought conditions as of April 15, 2021. Large reservoirs across the country are standing at exceptionally low levels, straining water resources for drinking, farming, and irrigation. The mayor of Mexico City called it the worst drought in 30 years for the city, which is home to about 9 million people.

The images above, acquired by the Operational Land Imager (OLI) on Landsat 8, show one of the major water supplies to Mexico City, the Villa Victoria reservoir. The right image shows the reservoir on March 30, 2021, the best recent cloud-free Landsat overpass. The left image shows more typical levels on March 27, 2020. More recent imagery, although cloudier, shows water levels have continued to decline. Villa Victoria is filled to about one third of its normal capacity.


Federal Government Prepares Declaration of Emergency Due to Drought in Jalisco


Source: Puerta Vallarta Daily

Due to 68% of the Jalisco territory currently in a state of “severe drought”, President Andrés Manuel López Obrador (AMLO) sees an emergency declaration as “imminent” from the Federal Government.

“We are living in a situation that had not been experienced, according to this report from the federal government, the drought is the worst in at least the last decade for Jalisco,” said the governor through a message he shared on his social networks.

He explained that the Inter-ministerial Commission for the Attention of Droughts and Floods of the López Obrador administration released a diagnosis that offers details about the desperate situation that the State is going through with the current climate and drought.


Low rainfall leaves Mexico City residents delivering water by donkey


Source: Reuters

Unusually low rainfall around Mexico City has left aquifers and reservoirs depleted, leaving some residents without tap water and reverting to older ways of distributing water – transporting containers on donkeys’ backs.

The Mexican capital, situated in a high-altitude valley, relies mostly on water pumped from its underground aquifers and reservoirs dozens of miles away to meet water demand in the wider metropolitan area, home to more than 20 million people.


Mexico’s drought reaches critical levels as lakes dry up


Source: Yahoo! News

MEXICO CITY (AP) — Drought conditions now cover 85% of Mexico, and residents of the nation’s central region said Thursday that lakes and reservoirs are simply drying up, including the country’s second-largest body of fresh water.

The mayor of Mexico City said the drought was the worst in 30 years, and the problem can be seen at the reservoirs that store water from other states to supply the capital.


Eyes Turn to Mexico as Drought Drags On

Photo by Tomas CastelazoNew York Times, 9/13/09

The Southwest drought has reached the point where even drain water is coveted.

Beginning nearly 40 years ago, the briny runoff from the “salad bowl” of southern Arizona, some of the most productive farmland in the nation, has been channeled into an arid plain of the Sonoran desert in Mexico.

Read More…

Mexico Now Enduring Worst Drought in Years

WaterThe New York Times, 9/12/09

MEXICO CITY — As the end of the four-month rainy season approaches here in Mexico City, it has finally begun to rain. But the daily downpours, which have overwhelmed the city’s drainage network and flooded subway stations, arrived too late.

Mexico is enduring its worst drought in six decades. Crops are drying up in the fields and water is being rationed in the capital. Residents of poor neighborhoods have hijacked water trucks, and there are other signs of social tensions building.

Read More…