National Guard troops arrive at Texas border with Mexico

08/16/14 RT

shutterstock_24590917Texas National Guard troops have started staking out positions along the state’s border with Mexico, as Governor Rick Perry aims to stem the flow of illegal immigrants into the United States.

“Several dozen” troopers were deployed in the Rio Grande Valley on Thursday, and multiple officers were seen at observation towers in the area, according to the Associated Press. Under Perry’s orders, up to 1,000 troops total may be deployed along the border between Texas and Mexico, although the current deployment is not yet part of the governor’s Operation Strong Safety.

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Mexico’s Richest Man Urges Young U.S. Immigrants Into Workforce

08/14/14 Bloomberg

 

Carlos Slim
Carlos Slim

Carlos Slim, the Mexican billionaire who ranks as the world’s second-richest person, has introduced a campaign to integrate about half a million young immigrants into the U.S. workforce.

About 1.1 million people in the U.S. are eligible for work authorization under a program known as Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals, or DACA, for undocumented immigrants who arrived to the country as children. Only about half have been approved, Carlos Slim Foundation Chief Executive Officer Roberto Tapia-Conyer said in a phone interview.

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Exploitation awaits migrant children on Mexico’s southern edge

08/02/14 Los Angeles Times

Street childrenThey are called canguritos, little kangaroos, because of the plastic trays of candy, cigarettes and other goods strapped across their bellies.

There is Juan Gonzalez, 10, selling gum for pennies. There are Humberto Vazquez, 11, and Wilmer Hernandez, 13, shining shoes.

And a few dark-skinned girls, none taller than 4 feet nor older than 12, wrapped in colorful indigenous cloth as skirts and offering tired pastries.

The northward passage of Central American children, many without their parents, is a familiar sight along Mexico’s southern border with Guatemala. Though the exodus has been dominating U.S. headlines of late, tens of thousands of youngsters have waded the Suchiate River or floated across it on inner-tube rafts annually for many years.

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As Flow Of Migrants Into Mexico Grows, So Do Claims Of Abuse

08/01/14 NPR

Border fenceLike the United States, Mexico is dealing with a substantial increase of Central American migrants, including unaccompanied minors, crossing its borders. Earlier this month, Mexico’s president announced plans to crack down on the illegal flow and strengthen security along the southern border with Guatemala.

That has human rights advocates worried. They say the country’s already strained immigration service has a long reputation of migrant abuse. With the recent rise in immigrants traveling through Mexico, reports of human rights violations are climbing, too.

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Expert’s Take- Unaccompanied Migrant Children: The Tip of the Iceberg

By Rafael Fernández de Castro and Margarita Zavala. Translated from Spanish by the Mexico Institute

Image for Expert TakePresident Barack Obama has said that the huge number of unaccompanied children who are coming to the United States from Central America represents an urgent humanitarian situation. He is right; the suffering of tens of thousands of children is unthinkable.
The humanitarian crisis that President Obama refers to is, however, only the tip of the iceberg of what has been happening in this corridor of intense migration – Central America (Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador), Mexico and the United States – over the past two decades. This corridor has experienced recurring humanitarian crises for several reasons, including massive suffering of thousands, and perhaps hundreds of thousands, of human beings, not only children, but also young men and women.

Mexico is weak link to cross-border immigration enforcement

08/03/2014 The Washington Post

Border - MexicoA few weeks ago, just about the same time that Mexican officials said they were putting a stop once and for all to the rolling horror show nicknamed “The Beast,” Jhonny Torres left Honduras for Houston. He reached southern Mexico and scrambled onto a boxcar with hundreds of other migrants.

Gang members stopped the train near the Mayan ruins of Palenque and took his last $50. In Orizaba, another dreaded shakedown site farther north, gunmen put a pistol to his temple and accused him of being a smuggling guide who hadn’t paid the gang protection money. They let him go, Torres said, only when they figured out it was his first trip and he had nothing left to steal.

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Monthly Mexico Media Roundup: Central America Migration Crisis

07/28/14  Nathaniel Parish Flannery. Forbes

immigrant mother and boyThe biggest Mexico story of July has really been a Central American story. As thousands of young migrants from Guatemala, Honduras, and El Salvador, three countries wracked by gang violence, cross the Rio Grande River and swamp the U.S. immigration system, communities in the U.S. have had to deal with influx of young refugees. Responses have ranged from protesters holding up signs with messages such as “Send them back with birth control” to people welcoming the border crossers into temporary holding facilities in communities as far way from the border as New York and Chicago. The crisis at the border has also turned attention towards Central America and to how U.S. policies have affected these countries.

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Headlines from Mexico

 

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  1. Mexico denies asylum to migrant children. In 2013, only 50 out of the 9,893 unaccompanied minors detained could obtain shelter in the country. Approximately a thousand of them have families in Mexico, and the rest, approximately 8,350, have been deported. Activists of several NGOs have pointed out that the legal process the minors have to pass through always favors deportation rather than a detailed analysis of their reasons for migrating. Similarly, minors are detained in installations with low levels of hygiene and are not given the proper care.

Read more from El Universal…

  1. Economic resources are allocated to the neighborhoods from which the violence arises around the country. According to the Secretary of the Interior, neighborhoods with high percentages of young population, early pregnancy, high school dropout rate, and high incidence of crimes, are in risk of developing criminal behavior. For these reasons, the federal government is giving 184 million dollars to 234 of the most violent neighborhoods around the country in order to implement 16 social programs seeking to reverse their reality. Among the entities that have received more resources are Michoacán, Chihuahua, and Guerrero.

Read more from Excelsior…

  1. Final stretch of the Energy Reform. Secondary legislation discussions will begin this week after the Senate completed approval of the bulk of the legislation and passed it to the lower house of Congress. The bill contains 7 blocks which, if approved, will radically change the energy sector opening the market to national and foreign private investment. Government will absorb labor liabilities in Pemex and CFE, and the collective agreement for employees will be modified. Both parties PAN and PRI believe the energy reform represents the greatest opportunity to transform the country. PRD argues that the energy reform enables the exploitation of the country’s resources and enrichment of transnational corporations.

Read more from El Universal…

  1. Economic growth and the reforms in Mexico. On one side, the Assistant Director in the Western Hemisphere Department of the International Monetary Fund, Robert Rennhack, assured that Mexico has achieved what very few countries have done by passing major reforms in various sectors through the will of political actors rather than through the pressure of economic or monetary crisis. At the same time, he forecasted that these reforms will have a positive impact  on the Mexican economy, especially investments derived from the energy reform. On the other side, the Center for Economic Studies of the Private Sector in Mexico, adjusted downwards its growth forecast for the Mexican economy in 2014 by placing it at 2.5 percent. Among the main reasons, they highlight weak domestic market and a loss of purchasing power.

Read more from El Universal and La Jornada…

Rate of Girls Crossing U.S.-Mexico Border Alone Outpaces Boys, Study Finds

07/25/14 The Wall Street Journal

Border - MexicoThe number of unaccompanied girls caught crossing into the U.S. at the border with Mexico has grown far more quickly this year than the number of boys, according to a Pew Research Center report released Friday.

In the first eight months of the fiscal year that started Oct. 1, the Border Patrol apprehended 13,008 unchaperoned girls from Central America, Mexico and other countries, a 77% jump over the 7,339 caught in the entire 2013 fiscal year. Significantly more boys than girls were caught at the southwest border, 33, 924 through May 31, but that figure grew just 8% in the same period.

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Obama, Mexican leader team up on border fix

07/24/14 The Hill

President Obama visits Mexico President Enrique Pena NietoPresident Obama and Mexican President Enrique Peña Nieto worked to develop a strategy to address the surge of unaccompanied children from Central America entering the U.S. illegally.

Obama called Nieto Thursday, a day before he meets with leaders of Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador about the ongoing border crisis.

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