Mexico’s other border

06/14/2016 MSNBC

migrantesAlong the cocaine corridor that cuts north out of Central America, drug cartels are no longer the primary targets for Mexican police.

Migrants – many young men, mothers and children – are the nation’s new persons of interest.

An unprecedented number of Central Americans have been rounded up, arrested and deported by Mexican authorities over the last two years, part of a new crackdown on migration along the country’s southern border.

The result has effectively outsourced a solution to the United States’ most pressing concerns for its own borders. As deportations in Mexico rose, illegal border crossings in the U.S. dipped.

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Now or never: Trump’s ‘wall’ talk sparks migrant rush on U.S.-Mexico border

3/1/16 Reuters

Us-mexico-borderGang violence and poverty have for years pushed Mexicans and Central Americans north to the United States, but recently a new driver has emerged: the anti-immigrant tone of leading Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump.

From the slums of Central America to close-knit migrant communities in U.S. cities, Trump’s rise to the front of the Republican pack has not gone unnoticed and is partly behind a spike in the numbers of migrants trying to enter the country, including children traveling without guardians.

Interviews with migrants, people smugglers and officials show many migrants are trying to cross now instead of facing tighter policing and new policies to halt illegal immigration if Trump or another Republican wins the Nov. 8 election.

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Perilous Crossing in Arizona

10/27/2015 Los Angeles Times 

Border - Mexico

With a significant slowdown in the surge of migrants streaming across the Southwest border, it stands to reason that the number of deaths among those braving the crippling heat of Arizona’s desert frontier with Mexico would also decline. But it didn’t.

In fact, even more people died attempting the perilous crossing: 117 bodies have been recovered along migration routes in southern Arizona since Jan. 1, compared with 108 bodies during the same period last year.

What happened?

The answer lies in the nationality of the person generally found dead on the U.S.-Mexican border: In 85% of cases, they are Mexican, according to Pima County Medical Examiner Greg Hess. Most of the migrants who crossed the U.S. border last year were from violence-ridden countries in Central America who often turned themselves in to U.S. border agents and filed asylum petitions that allow them to remain in the U.S. until their cases are adjudicated.

But Mexican migrants tend to have different circumstances. Most who cross the border illegally face immediate arrest and deportation — and as a result, they often choose to evade detection by making their way up the deadly hot byways of the Arizona desert.

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Exploitation awaits migrant children on Mexico’s southern edge

08/02/14 Los Angeles Times

Street childrenThey are called canguritos, little kangaroos, because of the plastic trays of candy, cigarettes and other goods strapped across their bellies.

There is Juan Gonzalez, 10, selling gum for pennies. There are Humberto Vazquez, 11, and Wilmer Hernandez, 13, shining shoes.

And a few dark-skinned girls, none taller than 4 feet nor older than 12, wrapped in colorful indigenous cloth as skirts and offering tired pastries.

The northward passage of Central American children, many without their parents, is a familiar sight along Mexico’s southern border with Guatemala. Though the exodus has been dominating U.S. headlines of late, tens of thousands of youngsters have waded the Suchiate River or floated across it on inner-tube rafts annually for many years.

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Mexico names czar to handle issue of Central American migrants

07/15/14 LA Times

barbed wire fenceWith pressure mounting from the U.S. government, Mexico on Tuesday appointed a czar to take charge of largely unimpeded migration from Central America, which sees tens of thousands of people each year enter southern Mexico and cross the country en route to the United States.

Interior Minister Miguel Angel Osorio Chong, in an announcement before reporters in Mexico City, said the new system would guarantee the safety of migrants as well as their eventual repatriation.

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La historia de Juan Méndez: “El Estado mexicano me destruyó”

prisonE l Proceso, 5/12/14

Perteneciente a la etnia garífuna –de origen africano–, Colón Quevedo sufrió todos los abusos padecidos por los centroa­mericanos que cruzan México para llegar a Estados Unidos, pero además tortura, discriminación, arraigo y el sometimiento a un proceso judicial sin asistencia consular oportuna.

Fue detenido el 9 de marzo de 2009 en Tijuana, acusado de delincuencia organizada, acopio de armas de uso exclusivo del Ejército y delitos contra la salud en su modalidad de posesión de cocaína y mariguana con fines de comercio. Admitió las acusaciones, afirma, tras haber sido sometido a torturas y tratos crueles, inhumanos y degradantes por policías estatales y federales así como por militares.

En agosto de 2013 los relatores especiales de la ONU sobre independencia de magistrados y abogados, Gabriela Knaul,­ y sobre tortura y otros tratos o penas crueles, inhumanos o degradantes, Juan Méndez, solicitaron información al gobierno de Enrique Peña Nieto sobre la situación de Colón Quevedo.

Méndez visitó a Colón Quevedo el pasado 24 de abril en el penal de Tepic como parte de una gira de trabajo en México que comenzó el 22 de abril y concluyó el viernes 2.

Entrevistado vía telefónica desde las instalaciones del Centro de Derechos Humanos Agustín Pro (Centro Prodh), el cual lleva su defensa jurídica, Colón está esperanzado en que Méndez continúe “en esa misma línea y exija al Estado mexicano que aclare las controversias” para alcanzar la libertad y que le sea reparado el daño. Además de las secuelas a su salud, entre ellas la hipertensión diagnosticada ocho días después de su detención, durante su reclusión cinco miembros de su familia murieron “por el impacto y la depresión”, cuenta a Proceso.

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In Mexico, rails are risky crossing for a new wave of Central American migrants

Train Tracks by HeraldicosThe Washington Post, 7/15/2013

At a makeshift church shelter beyond the industrial parks north of Mexico City, the train riders wait under a canvas tent, listening for a locomotive horn. They keep their shoes on and their backpacks zipped. The tracks outside run through Mexico’s central highlands and all the way to the Texas border. The shelter is a halfway point for Central Americans on the 1,500-mile trip north, but many do not arrive here in one piece.

Central Americans have been catching freight trains to the U.S. border for years, risking injury or worse for a free ride and a path clear of Mexican government checkpoints. But at a time when illegal immigration to the United States remains near its lowest point in four decades, the number of Central Americans going north has soared, putting new attention on the rail system that takes thousands to the border each year.

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