06/24/2016 The Economist
THERE is not just one Mexico, a common line runs, but two of them. The northern half of the country—the states bordering America and the Bajío region to the south of them—is the “North American” Mexico, an area of higher productivity, faster growth and greater levels of foreign investment. To the south is the country’s “Central American” heartland—a greener region more geared towards agriculture than to manufacturing, where nine of the ten states with the highest incidence of extreme poverty are located. For decades successive governments have debated how to encourage more investment in the south and thus bring the two Mexicos closer together. The current one thinks it has an answer: special economic zones.