October 11, 2013
The Houston Chronicle, 10/10/2013
By Pete Domenici and Jason Grumet
The U.S. debate will appropriately focus on securing our southern border and weighing the economic impacts of various proposals on our still fragile economy. While most analysis concludes that reforming our immigration laws will benefit the U.S. economy, we must also seek opportunities to encourage growth in the Mexican economy if we are to achieve effective and durable immigration reform.
The ability of Mexican citizens to feed and clothe their families and the ability of the Mexican government to care for those who cannot, significantly impacts the pressure exerted on our southern border. During a period when the Mexican economy grew more than half again as quickly as ours, immigration into the U.S. began to fall. Between 2007 and 2012, the population of unauthorized Mexican immigrants declined by 13 percent and apprehensions along our southern border declined by 58 percent. However, in Texas – a state that has continued to enjoy strong economic growth – border apprehensions and the unauthorized immigrant population have increased. While national trends also reflect substantial investments in enhanced border security, our immigration policy must be designed to succeed in the hopeful future when our economy booms once more.
August 7, 2013
By Steven Dudley, 8/7/2013
So-called spillover violence has long been a concern of residents of U.S. communities along the Southwest border, yet spikes in violent crime along the Mexican side of the border rarely impact rates of violence in the United States. InSight Crime’s Steven Dudley exams the forces behind these statistics in Nuevo Laredo and Laredo.
Laredo and Nuevo Laredo, sister cities along the US-Mexico border, are almost the same size. They have very similar economic motors, cultural heritage, populations and socio-economic indicators. Yet, in 2012, Nuevo Laredo had at least 36 times the number of murders. Why?
It is a question that is pondered up and down this 1,951-mile border, especially after the explosions of violence in Tijuana and Juarez during the last decade, places that sit across from San Diego and El Paso respectively, two of the safest cities in the United States.
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August 1, 2013
The Washington Post, 7/31/2013
Since January, the U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) has deported nearly 190,000 Mexicans to five border states, where, increasingly, some of the deportees have been targeted by kidnappers and smuggling gangs. As a result, ICE has begun flying some deportees from El Paso to Mexico City.
May 17, 2013
The Mexico Institute’s “Weekly News Summary,” released every Friday afternoon summarizes the week’s most prominent Mexico headlines published in the English-language press, as well as the most engaging opinion pieces by Mexican columnists.
What the English-language press had to say…
A bipartisan immigration reform bill survived another week under review by the Senate Judiciary Committee [see this useful graphic by The Washington Post containing rulings to key amendments to the bill]. A Los Angeles Times editorial pointed out that as baby boomers retire and U.S. birthrates continue to decline, immigrants will be needed to fill labor gaps. A different article in the same paper questioned whether or not a path to citizenship for undocumented immigrants would lead to an increase of the unauthorized population similar to the increase that followed the IRCA legalization of 1986.
VOXXI, a news website, argued that while border security should be a factor in the immigration reform debate, improving the efficiency of cross-border flows would provide a huge economic boost to both countries. The New York Times, meanwhile, highlighted San Diego Mayor Bob Filner’s efforts to reach out to his counterpart in Tijuana and address border inefficiencies.
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March 18, 2013
The Washington Post, March 17, 2013
With the winter sun’s glare bouncing off his old red pickup, John Ladd drives slowly along the 10-foot wall of iron stakes and steel mesh that crosses his 14,000-acre cattle ranch, dividing his great-grandfather’s land from the Mexican desert but not always keeping intruders out.
“Here’s where the drug smugglers cut through the wall in January,” Ladd says, pointing to a large jagged square in the metal that has since been rewelded. “They use blowtorches and hydraulic grinders. They can get a truck through in minutes, and as soon as they reach the highway they’re gone.”
Ladd’s ranch in the southeastern corner of Arizona is dotted with cameras on stilts, and U.S. Border Patrol trucks cruise the range daily, scattering his Herefords and Angus. Beyond the wall, Mexican soldiers patrol in Humvees. Before it was erected in 2007, illegal migrants constantly camped in his bushes on their way north. These days, fewer make the attempt, but a more sophisticated and dangerous threat has replaced them.
December 12, 2012
U.S. Border Patrol agents have seized more than 30 cans filled with marijuana that were lunched by Mexican drug smugglers over the border fence into Arizona using a cannon. Authorities say 33 cans of pot were spotted Friday in a field near where the Colorado River crosses the U.S.-Mexico border. They believe the cans were propelled about 500 feet into the U.S. from a pneumatic-powered cannon similar to the ones used to launch T-shirts
November 30, 2012
UT San Diego, 11/28/2012
Fernando Bosque Mohino is chief executive of Grupo Aeroportuario del Pacifico (GAP), a holding company based in Guadalajara that operates the A.L. Rodríguez International Airport in Tijuana and 11 other airports across Mexico.
Bosque is a key player in the development of a privately owned, cross-border facility to be used exclusively by ticketed airline passengers who pay a toll. Those users would be allowed to cross directly between San Diego and Tijuana through a 525-foot pedestrian bridge linking the Tijuana airport to a 45,000-square-foot terminal in Otay Mesa.
November 29, 2012
Chicago Tribune/Reuters, 11/28/2012
Inside a notorious Mexican prison where armed convicts used to roam freely, selling drugs and deciding who was allowed in, the state is in control again. Prisoners are back in their cells and the once overcrowded complex sparkles with cleanliness.
Once best known as a party town for Americans hopping across the border for cheap thrills, Ciudad Juarez fell into chaos with about one in every six of the 60,000 victims of Mexico’s bloody drug war over the last six years dying here.
November 27, 2012
The Washington Post, 11/27/2012
President Felipe Calderon, who sent battalions of poorly trained soldiers into the streets to fight powerful transnational crime organizations, leaves the battlefield this week after six years with at least 60,000 dead in drug violence and the war essentially a stalemate.
Although Calderon’s security forces have captured or killed more than two dozen of Mexico’s most-wanted drug cartel leaders, many of those vacancies have been filled. And while some cartels have been diminished, others have thrived, and there has been no measurable decrease in the quantity of drugs smuggled into the United States.