Democracia a diferentes velocidades

November 18, 2014

11/17/14 La Silla Rota

Andrew Selee, Vicepresidente Ejecutivo del Centro Woodrow Wilson en Washington y colaborador del Instituto México.

andrew-selee-nprCuando los académicos hablaban de la democratización unos años atrás, siempre parecía como si fuera un carro automático, en que un país pasara por etapas más o menos comunes desde iniciar con las elecciones competitivas (arrancando en primera) hasta consolidarse como un país moderno y plural (a toda velocidad, con el estado de derecho, transparencia y rendición de cuentas). Hoy sabemos que las democracias se parecen más bien a carros manuales, en que hay que ir, con mucho esfuerzo, cambiando velocidades poco a poco, para ir acelerando hacia una sociedad en que los ciudadanos se sienten fielmente representados y en control de su gobierno. Y en el caso mexicano, y quizá de cualquier país grande, la democracia ni siquiera se parece a un carro manual, sino más bien una autopista con muchos carros manuales, cada uno en su propia velocidad, algunos acelerando muy rápido y otros estancados o quizás hasta echándose en reversa.

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Country of the Year? Try Mexico

December 16, 2013

Christian Science Monitor, 12/15/2013

Mexican Flag XXLLast week’s approval of reforms for the pivotal oil company Pemex caps a year of major reforms that could transform Mexico – and perhaps change the immigration debate in the US.

If an award could be given in 2013 for Country of the Year, Mexico might deserve it. No other country has done more this past year to put reforms in place to transform a nation – and with startling democratic consensus. The latest reform, approved Thursday by elected lawmakers, will allow foreign and private investment in the oil sector for the first time in more than 70 years. The move upends a notion of Mexican patriotism that stated the national identity rests on government monopoly of the petroleum industry.

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A Rustic Paradise, Open for Development

December 2, 2013

The New York Times, 11/30/2013

wineLawmakers  voted to permit urban and suburban development in the agricultural heart of northwestern Mexico, the Guadalupe Valley, despite angry opposition from those who have spent decades making it an international destination for wine, food and quiet.

Municipal council members argue that the new zoning regulations will preserve the valley and increase property values, spreading out the benefits of a boom. But the new rules subvert the state-approved regional plan they were supposed to clarify by allowing up to 10 times as much housing density while significantly weakening public oversight. Independent scientists say the arid valley simply cannot sustain the intensified development, creating what many here see as a threat to a national treasure and a vital test of Mexico’s young democracy.

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Op Ed: To fix Washington, Look to Mexico

October 18, 2013

Christian Science Monitor, 10/17/2013

By Carlos Heredia

President Obama visits Mexico President Enrique Pena NietoMexico’s President Enrique Peña Nieto’s political grand bargain among rival parties has helped usher in long-needed reforms. The US has something to learn from Mexico’s willingness to put country ahead of party.

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Paper: The 2012 Presidential Election and What It Reveals about Mexican Voters

August 22, 2013

voting - ballot box 2by RODERIC AI CAMP

Journal of Latin American Studies / Volume 45 / Issue 03 / August 2013, pp 451 481.

The 2012 presidential election in Mexico is significant for many reasons, not least of which is that it returned the Partido Revolucionario Institucional to power after two Partido Acción Nacional administrations. This essay reviews more than surveys taken before and during the election to determine significant patterns among Mexican voters, comparing the most influential traditional and non-traditional demographic variables, as well as other variables such as partisanship and policy issues in this election, with those of the two previous presidential races.

It also analyses other influential variables in the 2012 presidential race, including social media and the application of new electoral legislation. It identifies significant differences and similarities among voters today in contrast to the two prior elections, and suggests long term patterns among Mexican voters which are likely to influence voting behaviour in future elections, ranging from regionalism and gender to partisanship and social media.

Read the full paper here…


Op-ed: Mexico: More Than Borders and Beaches

August 15, 2013

shutterstock_102739391By Mark R. Kennedy, The Huffington Post, 8/14/2013

The biggest surprise from my recent visit to Mexico was how wide the gap is between how most Americans perceive our neighbor to the south and the reality of what it is today.

The view of Mexico from the United States seems to either fixate on the struggles we have along the border or the attractiveness of their seemingly endless number of magnificent beaches. The truth is that in between that challenging border and inviting beaches lies a country of 116 million enterprising people on the move. The United States ignores that reality to its detriment.

Five experiences from my trip highlight aspects of Mexico that most Americans ignore.

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New Document : La segunda transición democrática de México: Esfuerzos, tropiezos y desafíos de México en busca de un sistema completo, articulado y coherente de rendición de cuentas (in Spanish)

July 30, 2013

ZocaloBy Mauricio Merino Huerta**

During the last decade, Mexico has implemented a comprehensive set of institutional reforms to combat discretion, inefficiency and corruption. After the successful efforts beginning in the last decades to build a new electoral system that allowed a peaceful transition from a single party regime to a pluralist democracy, the public agenda began focusing on challenging the traditional way to exercise authority gained in the polls. This text is a brief summary of the set of changes and challenges Mexico has faced during this period as well as of the vigorous debate on how to build complete, articulate, and coherent accountability in the country.

** Mexico Institute’s Public Policy Scholar Mauricio Merino Huerta received his Ph.D. in Political Science and Sociology from the Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Spain and a Specialization in Constitutional Law and Political Science from Centro de Estudios Constitucionales de España. He is currently Professor/Researcher at Centro de Investigación y Docencia Económicas (CIDE) since November 2003. He has given courses and conferences at 30 universities in México, Argentina, Colombia, Perú, Spain, the United Kingdom and the United States.

Get the document here…


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